E–pub The Great Game The Struggle for Empire in Central Asia

  • Paperback
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  • The Great Game The Struggle for Empire in Central Asia
  • Peter Hopkirk
  • English
  • 02 January 2018
  • 9780192802323

Peter Hopkirk Í 6 characters

read ✓ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Í Peter Hopkirk The Great Game The Struggle for Empire in Central Asia free read ☆ 106 Peter Hopkirk Í 6 characters Ses and deserts of Central Asia Those engaged in this shadowy struggle called it The Great Game a phrase immortalized in Kipling's Kim. Written in a style that is eminently appropriate for this story The Great Game is a good introductory book for understanding the struggle between Britain and Russia over Central Asia in the 19th C If you love Kim by Rudyard Kipling you will slobber over every page in this book And I have grown to LOVE Kim Took me a few decades but it s the shit Especially if you read it in a Comp Lit class analyzing the colonial discourse and the unforgivable cries of colonialism If that s you give Kim a chance Written by someone who grew up in Anglo India I think you ll find it extraordinarily insightful despite the presence of the ponderous and stylistically stilted British Empire But back to the style of the Great Game Peter Hopkirk is a very masterful writer for sure but for this story he manages to write the history in the totally anachronistic rip roarin style that you find in colonial adventure stories late Victorian colonial adventure Basically it s fun to read in the way that Gunga Din is fun to watch Plus it incorporates classic spy novel style as wellThe history he s trying to relate is in no way compromised by this writing style In fact by using this style he takes an important tack that makes the book really sing By using that Victorian colonial adventure style he gets you in the heads of the Brits and Russinas who were in that day reading all of this rip and run super adventure stuff It s really hard to understand the mentality of British soldiers in the late 19th Century or even in WWI without recognizing that all of those guys grew up reading colonial adventure stories which were very much like the Wild West novels of that day Think mid 40sWB cartoons if you re an American of a certain age They re so out of style now that it s hard for me to provide an example I keep thinking Karl May who was a German writer who wrote all kinds of thrilling Indian Jones type adventures set in locales that were exotic to a European the American Wild West India Africa Arabia cf Lawrence he read them too China and Central Asia Anyway I admire the ability of an author to pull the reader back in to the minds of their protagonists and their contemporaries Plus this style makes the book read like a cheap titillating novel This is one fast read considering the breadth of the workA bit about the content of the book might be useful after all of my bombination on style The Great Game relates the history of the struggle between the British Empire and the Russian Empire over the strongholds of Central Asia Basically this was an imperialist struggle It wasn t a race for oil yet The Brits had a ton of colonies the jewel of which was the Raj As the Russians made attempts to grab parts of Central Asia the Brits freaked out over the safety of their sacred cow and engaged in a very entertaining deadly and technical spy game with the Russians to infiltrate and map these unknown regions and try to ingratiate themselves with the local leaders Hopkirk describes this struggle from its nascence in Alexander I s triumph over Napoleon to the decline of Russia after the Russo Japanese War While Russia was intent on expanding its empire into Central Asia Britain was trying very hard to keep India British so they were on full alert to any Russian incursions into Central Asia And they were keeping a third eye out for any kingdoms they could snatch up with promises of Victorian infrastructural progress You ll enjoy visualizing manifestations of Victorian progress the steam train the telegraph perhaps the Enfield Gun when you re reading of the fate of Arthur Conolly repeatedly peripatetically successful in all exploration and espionage sorties a BIG PLAYA in the Game when he wears out the welcome of the Emir of Bukhara or was it ueen Victoria who wore out his welcomeConolly and Stoddart whose plight had been all but forgotten in the wake of the Kabul catastrophe were he reported both dead It had happened he said back in June when Britain s reputation as a power to be feared in Central Asia was at rock bottom Furious at receiving no reply to his personal letter to ueen Victoria and no longer worried by any fear of retribution the Emir of Bokhara had ordered the two Englishmen then enjoying a brief spell of freedom to be seized and thrown back in prison A few days later they had been taken from there with their hands bound and led into the great suare before the Ark or citadel where stood the Emir s palace What followed next the Persian swore he had learned from the Executioner s own lips First while a silent crowd looked on the two British officers were made to dig their own graves Then they were ordered to kneel down and prepare for death Colonel Stoddart after loudly denouncing the tyranny of the Emir was the first to be beheaded Next the executioner turned to Conolly and informed him that the Emir had offered to spare his life if he would renounce Christianity and embrace Islam Aware that Stoddart s forcible conversion had not saved him from imprisonment and death Conolly a devout Christian replied Colonel Stoddart has been a Musselman for three years and you have killed him I will not become one and I am ready to die He then stretched out his neck for the executioner and a moment later his head rolled in the dust with that of his friendThe battle over Central Asia was fought primarily through spies And this is what makes it even thrilling All of this conflict was conducted by artists and inventors and intellectuals and con men far below the radar of the diplomats and politicians The men in charge were explorers spy masters and spies who had an incredible wealth of means before them They were map makers again cf Lawrence surveyors costume artists cross dressers hucksters and linguists Sometimes magicians witches and jewel connoisseurs and libertinesAlso super relevant for our time with the silent struggle for oil in Central Asia Every now and again one comes across an article about Central Asia but the coverage is hardly in proportion to the intensity of business political criminal and petro economical activity in that region There s a lot of unknown knowledge in this area and it s pretty fun to read about it before it s been totally containerizedHighly recommended for people who are trying to figure out why and how the US is in Afghanistan the whyhow of the Soviet invasion in 1980 the upcoming Great Game in Ira Afghanistan Georgia Turkistan Uzbekistan Cómo viajar sin ver understanding the struggle between Britain and Russia over Central Asia in the 19th C If you love Kim by Rudyard Kipling you will slobber over every page in this book And I have grown to LOVE Kim Took me a few decades but it s the shit Especially if you read it in a Comp Lit class analyzing the colonial discourse and the Three Merchants of Bombay unforgivable cries of colonialism If that s you give Kim a chance Written by someone who grew Python of Pura Malai and Other Stories using this style he takes an important tack that makes the book really sing By SuperFreakonomics Global Cooling Patriotic Prostitutes and Why Suicide Bombers Should Buy Life Insurance using that Victorian colonial adventure style he gets you in the heads of the Brits and Russinas who were in that day reading all of this rip and run super adventure stuff It s really hard to The Malavikagnimitram of Kalidasa With the Commentary of Katayavema Various Readings Introduction Translation into English and Critical Explanatory notes understand the mentality of British soldiers in the late 19th Century or even in WWI without recognizing that all of those guys grew Tocarnos la cara up reading colonial adventure stories which were very much like the Wild West novels of that day Think mid 40sWB cartoons if you re an American of a certain age They re so out of style now that it s hard for me to provide an example I keep thinking Karl May who was a German writer who wrote all kinds of thrilling Indian Jones type adventures set in locales that were exotic to a European the American Wild West India Africa Arabia cf Lawrence he read them too China and Central Asia Anyway I admire the ability of an author to pull the reader back in to the minds of their protagonists and their contemporaries Plus this style makes the book read like a cheap titillating novel This is one fast read considering the breadth of the workA bit about the content of the book might be Ensayos bonsai useful after all of my bombination on style The Great Game relates the history of the struggle between the British Empire and the Russian Empire over the strongholds of Central Asia Basically this was an imperialist struggle It wasn t a race for oil yet The Brits had a ton of colonies the jewel of which was the Raj As the Russians made attempts to grab parts of Central Asia the Brits freaked out over the safety of their sacred cow and engaged in a very entertaining deadly and technical spy game with the Russians to infiltrate and map these Sessiz Ev unknown regions and try to ingratiate themselves with the local leaders Hopkirk describes this struggle from its nascence in Alexander I s triumph over Napoleon to the decline of Russia after the Russo Japanese War While Russia was intent on expanding its empire into Central Asia Britain was trying very hard to keep India British so they were on full alert to any Russian incursions into Central Asia And they were keeping a third eye out for any kingdoms they could snatch Un Fichaje Inesperado ¡Gol #8 up with promises of Victorian infrastructural progress You ll enjoy visualizing manifestations of Victorian progress the steam train the telegraph perhaps the Enfield Gun when you re reading of the fate of Arthur Conolly repeatedly peripatetically successful in all exploration and espionage sorties a BIG PLAYA in the Game when he wears out the welcome of the Emir of Bukhara or was it Ayodhya ueen Victoria who wore out his welcomeConolly and Stoddart whose plight had been all but forgotten in the wake of the Kabul catastrophe were he reported both dead It had happened he said back in June when Britain s reputation as a power to be feared in Central Asia was at rock bottom Furious at receiving no reply to his personal letter to Principles For Personal Growth ueen Victoria and no longer worried by any fear of retribution the Emir of Bokhara had ordered the two Englishmen then enjoying a brief spell of freedom to be seized and thrown back in prison A few days later they had been taken from there with their hands bound and led into the great suare before the Ark or citadel where stood the Emir s palace What followed next the Persian swore he had learned from the Executioner s own lips First while a silent crowd looked on the two British officers were made to dig their own graves Then they were ordered to kneel down and prepare for death Colonel Stoddart after loudly denouncing the tyranny of the Emir was the first to be beheaded Next the executioner turned to Conolly and informed him that the Emir had offered to spare his life if he would renounce Christianity and embrace Islam Aware that Stoddart s forcible conversion had not saved him from imprisonment and death Conolly a devout Christian replied Colonel Stoddart has been a Musselman for three years and you have killed him I will not become one and I am ready to die He then stretched out his neck for the executioner and a moment later his head rolled in the dust with that of his friendThe battle over Central Asia was fought primarily through spies And this is what makes it even thrilling All of this conflict was conducted by artists and inventors and intellectuals and con men far below the radar of the diplomats and politicians The men in charge were explorers spy masters and spies who had an incredible wealth of means before them They were map makers again cf Lawrence surveyors costume artists cross dressers hucksters and linguists Sometimes magicians witches and jewel connoisseurs and libertinesAlso super relevant for our time with the silent struggle for oil in Central Asia Every now and again one comes across an article about Central Asia but the coverage is hardly in proportion to the intensity of business political criminal and petro economical activity in that region There s a lot of The Hindu Young World unknown knowledge in this area and it s pretty fun to read about it before it s been totally containerizedHighly recommended for people who are trying to figure out why and how the US is in Afghanistan the whyhow of the Soviet invasion in 1980 the La Boda de Helena upcoming Great Game in Ira Afghanistan Georgia Turkistan Uzbekistan

read & download The Great Game The Struggle for Empire in Central Asia

The Great Game The Struggle for Empire in Central Asia

read ✓ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Í Peter Hopkirk The Great Game The Struggle for Empire in Central Asia free read ☆ 106 Peter Hopkirk Í 6 characters For nearly a century the two most powerful nations on earth Victorian Britain and Tsarist Russia fought a secret war in the lonely pas. In 1236 Mongol horsemen swept westward through Russia tying serfs to the Tartar yoke The Golden Horde would exact tribute until Ivan the Terrible defeated the khanates of Kazan and Astrakhan in the mid 1500 s opening the way for expansion east through Siberia Peter the Great turned his gaze south through the Caucasus and Caspian towards Persia yet was thwarted by Nader Shah in 1735 In 1757 the British began major territorial gains in India The aspirations and apprehensions of these rival European empires became the Great Game played out in Central Asia during the 1800 sIn the late 18th century the British were concerned with Catherine the Great s expansion into Crimea but distracted by the rise of Napoleon The Russian defeat of the French in 1812 helped to end one concern but created another Threat of a Russian attack on India via Turkey and Tehran obsessed the British and a cold war Russophobia took hold Tsar Alexander I sent envoys to Khiva present day Uzbekistan to make allies and secure forward positions British probed passes of Afghanistan seeking similar advantage in Bukhara a neighboring kingdom on the Silk RoadA Russian treaty with the Ottoman Empire to control the Dardenelles Straight stoked paranoia in the 1830 s British intrigue in Kabul precipitated the disastrous Anglo Afghan War of the 1840 s The 1850 s Crimean War strained Russian relations with Britain The 1860 s US civil war raised Russian interests in Central Asian cotton and Tashkent was taken Soon Samarkand fell Spies like Frederick Burnaby rode to Khiva in the 1870 s Britain controlled the Suez Canal in the 1880 s while Russia layed rails in Central Asia Russians invaded Afghanistan in the 1890 s as did the British in early 1900 s TibetAuthor Peter Hopkirk culls from many period accounts He tells the stories of adventurers spies secret agents and provocateurs Geographical survey was a priority as much was unknown about the region Henry Pottinger in Muslim disuise explored from Baluchistan to Isfahan in 1810 He later played a leading role in the Opium War Treaty of Nanking and founding of Hong Kong Alexander Burnes who made an overland reconnaissance in 1831 traced the Indus River crossed the Khyber Pass to Kabul and became famous during his lifetime for the book Travels Into Bukhara Hopkirk was a late 20th century British writer perhaps best known for this work He began as a journalist on risky assignments in Africa and the Mideast Widely traveled he was a collector of Victorian books on the subjects he covered All of his works were about Central and South Asia covering eclectic topics such as archaeology in Xinjiang Bolshevik subversion in India and Kipling s sources of inspiration for Kim The history is anglocentric but takes a reasonable view towards other players The writing is unpretentious and clear if somewhat oversimplified and given to cliche at times A lingua de fora until Ivan the Terrible defeated the khanates of Kazan and Astrakhan in the mid 1500 s opening the way for expansion east through Siberia Peter the Great turned his gaze south through the Caucasus and Caspian towards Persia yet was thwarted by Nader Shah in 1735 In 1757 the British began major territorial gains in India The aspirations and apprehensions of these rival European empires became the Great Game played out in Central Asia during the 1800 sIn the late 18th century the British were concerned with Catherine the Great s expansion into Crimea but distracted by the rise of Napoleon The Russian defeat of the French in 1812 helped to end one concern but created another Threat of a Russian attack on India via Turkey and Tehran obsessed the British and a cold war Russophobia took hold Tsar Alexander I sent envoys to Khiva present day Uzbekistan to make allies and secure forward positions British probed passes of Afghanistan seeking similar advantage in Bukhara a neighboring kingdom on the Silk RoadA Russian treaty with the Ottoman Empire to control the Dardenelles Straight stoked paranoia in the 1830 s British intrigue in Kabul precipitated the disastrous Anglo Afghan War of the 1840 s The 1850 s Crimean War strained Russian relations with Britain The 1860 s US civil war raised Russian interests in Central Asian cotton and Tashkent was taken Soon Samarkand fell Spies like Frederick Burnaby rode to Khiva in the 1870 s Britain controlled the Suez Canal in the 1880 s while Russia layed rails in Central Asia Russians invaded Afghanistan in the 1890 s as did the British in early 1900 s TibetAuthor Peter Hopkirk culls from many period accounts He tells the stories of adventurers spies secret agents and provocateurs Geographical survey was a priority as much was Govinda The Aryavarta Chronicles #1 unknown about the region Henry Pottinger in Muslim disuise explored from Baluchistan to Isfahan in 1810 He later played a leading role in the Opium War Treaty of Nanking and founding of Hong Kong Alexander Burnes who made an overland reconnaissance in 1831 traced the Indus River crossed the Khyber Pass to Kabul and became famous during his lifetime for the book Travels Into Bukhara Hopkirk was a late 20th century British writer perhaps best known for this work He began as a journalist on risky assignments in Africa and the Mideast Widely traveled he was a collector of Victorian books on the subjects he covered All of his works were about Central and South Asia covering eclectic topics such as archaeology in Xinjiang Bolshevik subversion in India and Kipling s sources of inspiration for Kim The history is anglocentric but takes a reasonable view towards other players The writing is La belle au bois dormant unpretentious and clear if somewhat oversimplified and given to cliche at times

read ✓ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Í Peter Hopkirk

read ✓ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Í Peter Hopkirk The Great Game The Struggle for Empire in Central Asia free read ☆ 106 Peter Hopkirk Í 6 characters When play first began the two rival empires lay nearly 2000 miles apart By the end some Russian outposts were within 20 miles of Indi. Peter Hopkirk s excellent book The Great Game The Struggle for Empire in Central Asia represents an extended tale of Silk Road spies Oriental despots cartographers enlisted by the Royal Geographic Society at times disguised as Afghan traders high ranking titled British officers agent provocateur s Muslim fanatics tribal warlords Sepoys recruited Indian troops including a few fierce Ghurkas all in service to Great Britain countless British Russian soldiers endeavoring to stay alive while far from home engaged in fighting representing the flags of empire in places the names for which they often can barely pronounce In Hopkirk s book the reader also encounters place names that are redolent of adventure geographic uncertainty destinations like the Khyber Pass the Hindu Kush the Pamir Gap Kashgar Khiva Kandahar Kabul the Karakorum Pass and the Taklamakan Desert the name in the Uighur language meaning you go in but do not come out a place known to swallow up travelers soldiers Buddhist monks merchants occasionally entire caravans The period covered begins in the early 19th century with the Russian Czar seeming to match wits extensive treasury outflows with the British King and ends roughly speaking a century or so later with the realignment of Europe Asia the fall of the Czar the death of the Ottoman Empire and the lessening of British imperial power during the time between the two World WarsPeter Hopkirk began as a British journalist spent considerable time on assignment in far off locales that constituted the Great Game across today s Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Tajikistan Kyrgyzstan west north into the Caucasus countries Iran landscapes that demanded a sense of adventure with the author gradually becoming fascinated with the locations he was sent to the concept of the Great Game an abiding interest in Kipling s fictional portrayal of that phase of history in his amazing novel Kim There is also mention of John Buchan s now little known novel The Half Hearted detailing this eraThe reader can retrospectively ask why so many young British Russian men among countless others were fated to die in this grand Asiatic contest but that is an idle speculation at this point the time of imperial destiny may now seem long ago far away but it was for many centuries a pervasive uest harkening back well beyond Great Britain Czarist Russia the Ottoman Empire to the Greeks Romans Mongols Persians among others In Hopkirk s book the struggle seemed an attempt not so much to expand British territory but to defensively protect the Crown Jewel of Empire ie India from Russian incursion most probably with an invasion coming south through Afghanistan Here s is just a sample of Hopkirk s unfolding storyOn January 14 1831 a bearded disheveled figure in native dress wandered out of the desert at an obscure town on British India s NW frontier an area then collectively known as Sind He had been traveling for than a year often exposed to great danger his complexion darkened almost black by months in the sun at times doubting that he d ever return alive He was in fact a young British officer in disguise Lieutenant Arthur Conolly of the 6th Bengal Native Light Calvary having somehow survived his mission to reconnoiter the military political no man s land between the Caucasus the Khyber through which a Russian army might march Daring resourceful ambitious Conolly was the archetypical Great Game player it was he fittingly enough who first coined this memorable phrase in a latter to a friend Despite his junior rank tender years his views were to have a considerable influence on the outcome of the Anglo Russian rivalry in AsiaAccording to Hopkirk Arthur Conolly also had a strongly religious nature and in common with most of his generation believed in the civilizing mission of Christianity in the duty of its adherents to bring the message of salvation to others less fortunate Indeed the author does often view those protecting their homelands from intruders as heinous treacherous fanatical but he also sees British leadership as marked by incompetence irresolution plain cowardice as in the case of General William Elphinstone There is a comment about how the British viewed the massacre of its 44th regiment wherein a mob of heathen savages armed with home made weapons had routed the greatest power on earth a devastating blow to British pride prestige One survivor Wm Brydon of 4500 British troops civilians including women children managed to find his way back to the British garrison at JalalabadIt seemed that while both Britain Russia were chastened by their costly adventures in Central Asia neither ever seemed to learn a lesson or to demonstrate the nerve to withdraw from the Great Game At one point when Russia became uiescent after a catastrophic defeat in its attempt to control Khiva in present day Uzbekistan Hopkirk indicates that it proved to be merely half time in the struggle for ascendancy in Central Asia At this point Persia had entered the fray and took control of Herat in Afghanistan Afghanistan was then as it continues to be political uicksand with much of Asia a vast shadowy chess boardThis is to be sure a rather blood soaked tale with grim betrayals freuent beheadings but also uncommon bravery Hopkirk contends that while the British may have had their Achilles heel in India the Russians had theirs in the Caucasus where the local Muslim tribes were still holding out fiercely against the might of the Czar Across snow capped peaks mountain ranges great deserts the British Russian forces seemed to play a costly deadly game that ultimately ended in a kind of stalemate that came at last with the fall of the Russian Czar However on so very many occasions what some have termed the melting pot of history also became its vast graveyard with young men from both major Great Game contestants dying while filthy half starved lice ridden so very far from their beloved homesPeter Hopkirk s The Great Game first appeared in 1990 stands as a very interesting well researched book written with a journalist s eye for detail I recommend it as well as another of Hopkirk s books uest For Kim an excellent companion to Kipling s novelImages within review Peter Hopkirk Anglo Indian troops Lt Arthur Conolly in disguise map of Great Game territory British troops fighting in 1st Anglo Afghan War 1842